Water Procurement Via Standpipe
Water Procurement Via Standpipe in East African Cities (Nairobi, Arusha, Kinshasa)
Risks to Contamination
In urban areas, standpipes are vulnerable to contamination from various sources, including:
- Improper disposal of waste and sewage
- Leaks from nearby industrial sites
- Runoff from streets and roads
- Cross-contamination from nearby wells or boreholes
To minimize the risks of contamination, it is important to regularly monitor the water quality and implement measures to reduce exposure to potential contamination sources.
Maintenance of Standpipes
Regular maintenance is essential to ensure that standpipes continue to provide safe and reliable water. This includes:
- Regular cleaning and disinfection of the standpipes
- Repair of leaks and damage to the pipes
- Proper operation and maintenance of nearby treatment facilities, if applicable
Watershed Protection and Groundwater Recharge
In order to protect the watershed and recharge the groundwater, it is important to implement measures that reduce the demand on the water supply and promote the replenishment of water resources. This can include:
- Promoting water-saving technologies and practices
- Encouraging rainwater harvesting
- Implementing sustainable land use practices that reduce soil erosion and runoff
Nairobi, Kenya: In Nairobi, the Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company (NCWSC) has implemented measures to reduce contamination and improve water quality, including regular water quality monitoring, rehabilitation of treatment plants, and the installation of new standpipes.
Arusha, Tanzania: In Arusha, the Arusha Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (AWSSA) has implemented a program to upgrade the water supply infrastructure, including the replacement of aging standpipes and the improvement of treatment facilities.
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: In Kinshasa, the Société Nationale d'Eau et d'Electricité (SNEL) has implemented a program to upgrade the water supply infrastructure, including the replacement of aging standpipes and the improvement of treatment facilities. Additionally, the company has implemented measures to reduce the risk of contamination, such as the installation of new sewer lines and the implementation of a solid waste management program.
By implementing these measures, these cities are taking steps to ensure that their citizens have access to safe and reliable water through standpipes.